The Great Pyramids of Giza are truly one of the most breathtaking sights in the world. These stunning Wonders of the Ancient World are a true testament to the might, power, and advancement of the Ancient Egyptians. They attract millions of visitors every year, and people flock from all across the world to experience the awe and might of these incredible constructs.
Now, the architecture and engineering behind the pyramids have staggered and surprised people for years, and there has been speculation about how they were formed. Many people are skeptical that the pyramids could have been built so long ago, with such rudimentary tools and equipment. This has led to many weird and wonderful theories about how the pyramids came about, and how they were created. So, we’re going to look a little more closely at the science behind the pyramids.
The Great Pyramids of Giza
Pyramids were not a new concept when the Egyptians started their masterpieces, but, never had pyramids been built on the scale of these ones. In fact, for the Great Pyramid of Khufu, the largest and oldest of the three Great Pyramids, the Egyptians used almost 2.5 million blocks of granite and limestone! The pyramid sits at 146 meters high, and weighs over 6 million tons – it’s a truly remarkable feat. They have survived for thousands of years, Empires, and civilizations, showing how wonderfully constructed they were.
How did they do it?
Of course, there is no way of studying videos or photographs showing the Egyptians building the pyramids to figure out how they did it. But, over the years, scientists have pieced together information and clues to work out how such an impressive feat of engineering was possible. The pyramids were thought to have originated from rectangular tombs that Pharaoh Djoser adapted into pyramid constructs. Decades later Pharaoh Snefru built three pyramids, much smaller than those at Giza, but ran into design flaws resulting in bent pyramids. Snefru’s son Khufu learned from his father’s attempts and successfully constructed the Great Pyramid.
Much like any big construction project, the Pharaohs had someone in charge of the construction of the pyramids. There was extensive planning that went into the design and building of the pyramids, and the surrounding structures. It is thought that blocks were moved up some kind of ramp, as well as being dragged along on sleds. Wetting the sand also made it much easier to drag the sled because it reduced friction significantly. It is thought that, in order to build the top of the pyramids, special ramps were constructed, as well as spiral staircases in the center of the construct.
Extensive studies into the pyramids have revealed a lot about them, and how they were created. It’s clear that the Egyptians used a lot of techniques not dissimilar to the ones we would use today for construction. The science behind how they built the things is pretty awesome and shows wonderful ingenuity. Further studies have also revealed that there are chambers and openings located in the pyramids. While we’re not 100% sure what these were for, they certainly add an intriguing new dimension to the construction process.